Visit the Fortifications of Vauban

Citadel of Besançon GIPE25/Flickr

Citadel of Besançon ©GIPE25/Flickr

If you are attracted by history and historical sights, France is the perfect destination for you! With innumerable historic attractions and other sights, the country is a top tourist destination. From castles to palaces, from monuments to fortifications, France offers numerous historic sights to visit. I have already presented you numerous French castles and palaces.

Below I will present you some wonderful fortifications, more precisely the Fortifications of Vauban. Vauban was a Marshal of France in the 17th century. These fortifications were actually designed by him and today make part of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. If you would like to visit the Fortifications of Vauban, read this guide. I will present you the most prominent ones.

Citadel of Besançon

Perhaps the most prominent and most important of the Fortifications of Vauban is the breathtaking Citadel of Besançon. It is an important tourist attraction, considered to be one of the masterpieces of Vauban. The citadel is situated on Mount Saint-Etienne, one of Besançon’s hills which is the capital of Franche-Comté.

The well-preserved fortification drags about 250.000-300.000 of visitors every year. Besides the fact that it is a very well-preserved historic site of France, it also includes several museums which are attractive for visitors. If you love to visit historic attractions and fortifications amaze you, you can not miss this one!

Citadel of Besançon GIPE25/Flickr

Citadel of Besançon ©GIPE25/Flickr

Saint-Martin-de-Ré Fortifications

Located in Charente-Maritime, the Saint-Martin-de-Ré Fortifications are other “creations” of Vauban. The fortifications were named after the commune of Saint-Martin-de-Ré and played important strategic role in the past.

The commune is located on the island named Île de Ré and the fortifications were extensive enough to protect the population of the entire island inside the walls of the commune during a siege. Today the well-preserved fortifications are popular tourist attractions and make part of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Saint-Martin-de-Ré Fortifications dynamosquito/Flickr

Saint-Martin-de-Ré Fortifications ©dynamosquito/Flickr


Neuf-Brisach is actually a commune in Alsace of which layout was built as a fortification. The works began in 1689 according to the plans of Vauban, but he died in 1707 and the plan was completed by another French military engineer. The commune of Neuf-Brisach suffered serious damages during the World War II, but succeeded to preserve its original look.

Neuf-Brisach fortifications Pernmith/Flickr

Neuf-Brisach fortifications ©Pernmith/Flickr


Another commune famous for its Vauban fortification is Longwy situated in north-eastern France. Longwy is also attractive for visitors willing to admire historic attractions. The fortifications were inscribed on the list of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites in 2008. You should visit it, too.

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